Mother Teresa of Calcutta (1910-1997), the nun of the poor, known as "the saint of the gutters", was a Catholic, nationalized Indian, who was declared a saint in 2016.
Mother Teresa was canonized on September 4, 2016 by Pope Francis. His beatification was carried out by John Paul II on October 19, 2003.
Biography of Mother Teresa
Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu is the real name of Mother Teresa who was born on August 27, 1910 in Skopje, the capital of Macedonia. His parents were Albanians.
In 1928, at the age of 18, Mother Teresa joined the Sisters of Notre Dame de Loreto religious order in Ireland. Its name is a tribute to Santa Teresa de Lisieux, popularly known in Brazil as Santa Teresinha do Menino Jesus.
Mother Teresa of Calcutta
The name Teresa was adopted in 1931, when the mother went to India, beginning her life as a humanitarian mission.
In India, Mother Teresa was a teacher and eleven years after her arrival, she left the convent to found the religious congregation of the Missionaries of Charity. The first to join her in this work were her former students.
The nun explains that she had received what she called a "call within the call". In other words, she had already been called to religious life and now she should redirect her vocation to help the poorest.
So, he went to live in the Indian slums and the 50's he works in the construction of reception places, hospitals and schools. He dedicated his life to the poor, children and the sick.
Due to the humanitarian work developed, he received decorations and titles. On October 17, 1979, she was congratulated with the Nobel Peace Prize for the fight against poverty.
Mother Teresa receives the Nobel Peace Prize (1979)
Mother Teresa was a friend of Princess Diana (1961-1997), who was also known especially for her humanitarian work.
Pope John Paul II (1920-2005) also visited one of his shelters and took care of the sick for a day. On this occasion, Mother Teresa stated that it had been the "happiest day of her life".
Currently, the Missionaries of Charity are present in more than 133 countries and have 4500 members worldwide.
Mother Teresa died on September 5, 1997, victim of a heart attack, in Calcutta. She was 87 years old and was buried in India.
Given its importance, its name baptized hospitals, schools and institutes. The film "Madre Teresa", by Fabrizio Costa, which received the Camie Prize in 2007, tells its story.
Canonization of Mother Teresa
His beatification happened as a result of the recognition of his first miracle. In 2002, through the intercession of Madrid Teresa, the Indian Monica Besra was reportedly cured of an abdominal tumor.
The second miracle, which promoted his canonization, took place in Brazil. According to the church, in 2008, again due to the help of Mother Teresa, the Brazilian Marcílio Haddad Andrino, would have been cured of brain tumors.
Criticism of Mother Teresa
The canonization of the mother is questioned not only because of the confirmation of the possible miracles that she would have performed, but also because of the behavior that the nun had throughout her life. An example of this is his position on birth control (which he was against).
The way the work is conducted in the places she founded are other of the main criticisms made by those who oppose the title granted to the mother.
Mother Teresa quotes
All of our words will be useless if they do not spring the heart. Words that don't give light add to the darkness.
It is easy to love those who are far away. But it is not always easy to love those who live beside us.
The words of friendship and comfort may be short and succinct, but their echo is endless.
We have to go looking for people, because they may be hungry for bread or friendship.
Lack of love is the greatest of all poverty.
What I do is simple: I put bread on the tables and share it.
Whoever judges people doesn't have time to love them.
A happy heart is the inevitable result of a heart burning with love.