UNESCO recently released a report that highlighted some of the advances that have taken place in the education of girls around the world over the past 25 years.
The report entitled: “A New Generation: 25 Years of Efforts for Gender Equity in Education” showed important data on progress, as in the case of the global enrollment rate for girls, which increased 73% to 89% in the biggest improvements occurred in Central and South Asia, as well as in sub-Saharan African countries.
They also reported that more than 180 million additional girls were enrolled in primary and secondary schools in 2018 compared to 1995. And this was particularly important at the secondary level, with a 58% increase in new enrollments.
Another encouraging fact was in relation to female enrollments in higher education, which, in the last 25 years, has also increased its total three times, to 115 million women enrolled in programs worldwide in 2018.
And while these numbers are significant, unfortunately there are also regional disparities, as many girls still lack access to school in the world's poorest countries, mainly in 20 countries in sub-Saharan Africa and in Pakistan, Haiti, Belize and Papua New Guinea, the increases are not reflected in reality for poor girls in rural areas, as almost none have completed high school.
Another example is that, at the global level, gender parity was achieved in the register of primary and secondary education, taking into account that in 1995 for every 100 boys enrolled, 90 girls were also enrolled, and now, in 2018, the table was arranged. However, this is mainly due to the fact that India and China have a giant population, which equals the world table, but it is not the reality of all countries an individual perspective.
On the other hand, UNESCO reported that many advances are still lacking for female education, mainly because other aspects must be considered, such as improving educational quality, since not only is enrollment in schools, but also the academic level it reaches .
The report was considered positive by experts who encourage society to reflect on these issues of vital importance for gender equality, since millions of parents around the world continue to prioritize their children's education rather than education. of their daughters, which creates an additional disadvantage for girls, who also face situations of discrimination or prohibition studying under the laws of some countries that prevent them in cases of pregnancy.
In addition, experts mentioned that the report shows that the world is moving in the right direction, but that there is still a long way to go to achieve true equity.